#Corneal disease-01



Corneal disease is a group of eye conditions that affect the cornea, the clear, dome-shaped surface at the front of the eye that helps to focus light. The cornea is an important part of the eye’s optical system, and any damage or disease can affect vision.


There are several types of corneal disease, including corneal dystrophies, corneal infections, and corneal injuries.

  • Blurred or distorted vision
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Pain
  • Redness
  • Discharge from eye


Treatment for corneal disease depends on the type and severity of the condition. Mild cases may be treated with medications or other non-surgical interventions, while more severe cases may require corneal surgery.

Corneal surgery is a type of eye surgery that is performed to treat various corneal diseases and conditions. There are several types of corneal surgery, including:

  • Pterygium removal: A pterygium is a growth of tissue that can occur on the cornea, and this surgery involves removing the growth and repairing the affected area.
  • Phototherapeutic keratectomy: This procedure uses a laser to remove damaged or diseased tissue from the cornea, and it is often used to treat corneal scars or other types of corneal damage.
  • Corneal abrasions: A scratch on the cornea is usually caused from a physical injury or foreign body. This can cause a gritty sensation in the eye, pain, redness, light sensitivity and weeping. It is important that you do not try to remove a foreign body from your eye on your own, you should seek medical assistance. If your ophthalmologist is not available, go directly to emergency at your nearest hospital. Foreign bodies or physical injuries to the cornea can cause infection and therefore it is important to seek specialist advice as soon as you feel any symptoms.
  • Corneal dystrophies: There are many types of corneal dystrophies, including: 
    • Keratoconus: The cornea becomes progressively thinner and protrudes, causing distortion of your vision. To find out more about keratoconus, click here

    • Fuchs’ dystrophy: This is categorised by swelling up and thickening of the cornea due to the endothelial cells not functioning correctly any more. Symptoms include blurry vision, which is usually worse in the mornings, glare and halos, cloudy corneas and sensitivity to light.

    • Lattice dystrophy: It causes material to build up on the cornea in a lattice (grid) pattern, causing corneal erosion. This can cause pain in the eye, a foreign body sensation, blurry vision, watery eyes and light sensitivity. It usually begins in childhood and treatment includes eye drops, ointments and special eye patches and contact lenses. If there is severe scarring on the cornea, laser or a corneal transplant may be required. 



After corneal surgery, patients may experience some discomfort, redness, and blurry vision.

It may take several weeks or months for the eye to fully heal and for vision to improve.

If you are experiencing any symptoms related to your vision or have been diagnosed with a corneal condition, please contact us to make an appointment with one of the sub-specialised corneal specialists who can perform a comprehensive evaluation and discuss the best treatment options for you.

Ophthalmologists who specialise in Corneal Disease

Prof Mark Daniell


Cataracts, Corneal, Keratoconus, Medical Retina, Uveitis, General, Aviation

Dr Chris Buckley


General, Corneal, Keratoconus, Uveitis, Glaucoma

Melbourne Cup Clinic Closure

The clinic will be closed from Monday 6th November 2023 and will re-open on Wednesday 8th November 2023.

Happy Holidays

The clinic will be closed from Friday 22nd December 2023 and will re-open on Monday 8th January 2024.

From the team at East Melbourne Eye Group, we wish all of our patients & referrers a happy & safe festive period.

The Christmas holiday period can be a very busy time, please take a moment to ensure you have enough scripts to cover you over the holiday period and your referrals are up to date.