Medical Retina


Medical retina is a subspecialty of ophthalmology that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of conditions that affect the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. The retina is responsible for transmitting visual information to the brain, and any damage or disease can result in vision loss or blindness.


Some common medical retina conditions include

  • Age-related macular degeneration (AMD): This condition occurs when the macula, the part of the retina responsible for sharp central vision, deteriorates over time. Symptoms may include blurry or distorted central vision, difficulty reading or recognising faces, and dark or empty spots in the central vision.
  • Diabetic retinopathy: This condition occurs when high blood sugar levels damage the blood vessels in the retina. Symptoms may include blurry vision, floaters, and difficulty seeing at night.
  • Macular hole: This condition occurs when there is a small hole in the macula. Symptoms may include blurry or distorted central vision and difficulty seeing fine details.


Treatment for medical retina conditions depends on the specific condition and severity of the disease. Some common treatments include

  • Anti-VEGF injections: These injections are used to treat AMD and diabetic retinopathy by blocking the growth of abnormal blood vessels in the retina.
  • Laser therapy: This treatment uses a laser to seal leaking blood vessels or to destroy abnormal tissue in the retina.
  • Light therapy: 2RT is also a new light therapy that uses non-invasive, gentle, short-duration laser to stimulate natural biological healing to stop or slow AMD.
  • Vitrectomy: This surgery is used to treat retinal detachment and other conditions by removing the vitreous gel from the eye and replacing it with a gas or oil bubble to hold the retina in place while it heals.
  • Macular hole surgery: This surgery involves removing the vitreous gel from the eye and using a gas bubble to close the hole in the macula.
  • Intravitreal injections: Intravitreal injections are a common treatment for various eye conditions such as age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy. This procedure involves injecting medication directly into the vitreous, which is the gel-like substance in the center of the eye. The injection is performed using a very fine needle. Intravitreal injections can help improve vision and slow down the progression of certain eye diseases.


After any medical retina procedures, patients may experience some discomfort, blurry vision and sensitivity to light.

It may take several hours, to days for the eye to fully heal. Patients may be required to attend follow-up appointments with their ophthalmologist to monitor.

If you are experiencing any symptoms related to your vision, please contact us to make an appointment with one of the sub-specialised medical retina specialists to discuss the best treatment options for you.

Medical Retina Specialists

Dr Elvis Ojaimi


Ophthalmologist & Vitreoretinal Surgeon
Cataracts, Medical Retina, Surgical Retina, Uveitis, General

Prof Mark Daniell


Cataracts, Corneal, Keratoconus, Medical Retina, Uveitis, General, Aviation

Dr Lingwei William Tao


Ophthalmologist & Paediatrics
Cataracts, Glaucoma, Medical Retina, Uveitis, General, Paediatric

Dr Nandini Singh


Cataracts, Medical Retina, Uveitis, General

Melbourne Cup Clinic Closure

The clinic will be closed from Monday 6th November 2023 and will re-open on Wednesday 8th November 2023.

Happy Holidays

The clinic will be closed from Friday 22nd December 2023 and will re-open on Monday 8th January 2024.

From the team at East Melbourne Eye Group, we wish all of our patients & referrers a happy & safe festive period.

The Christmas holiday period can be a very busy time, please take a moment to ensure you have enough scripts to cover you over the holiday period and your referrals are up to date.